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Boka Kotorska Bay


"They call the magic that magical waterfall that descends and tones the rugged and almost inaccessible hills of southern Herzegovina and Montenegro. People say that the world is giving, that this is one of the most beautiful places in the country; and he would really say that nature here was playing when his wondrous work was created "(Stefan Mitrov Ljubiša)

Boka Kotorska is a unique bay of the Mediterranean - an exceptional cultural landscape that makes a harmonious symbiosis of natural phenomena and architectural heritage. Extremely favorable and specific natural and climatic conditions of the Gulf have been crucial for settling this area since the earliest times and the construction of towns and villages in a unique way, resulting in a unique harmony of nature's creations and human spirit.

Morphological, geological and hydrological phenomena have made this area an exceptional creation of high-quality nature in the Mediterranean, with its universality and anthropogenic component in the world. The bay area surrounds the verticals of the Dinaric-coastal limestone, reaching the highest altitude of 1895 m (Orjen) and depth in the bay (52 m), making the area a rare area of ​​holocars in the world, with particularly pronounced karst morphology and hydrology.

In such extraordinary natural conditions, by adding geographic position and historical streams, the human hand in its continual continuity has created a kind of cultural asset, receiving the influences of Mediterranean, West and partly East cultures, transforming them into the frames of their way of life and perception of life and transmitting them to wider areas of the former Yugoslavia, the Balkans, and even the Eastern European regions, by combining them with extraordinary sensibility in nature at the edge of the bay, making it unique natural and cultural - the human environment in the most humane way.

Cities, as well as larger and smaller settlements in the Zaliva area, represent a variety of characteristic entities, which are complemented by an almost unbroken series. Each settlement gains its own urban and cultural characteristics by achieving the unity and continuity of the cultural heritage of the entire area. In the settlements a sacral architecture is developed, with the interlacing of different styles, especially the Romanesque and Baroque, while the profane creates forms of the Boka house, transposing through the narrative architecture of the influence of the Mediterranean, the West and the East. Elite profane palace architecture occupies a significant place. In addition, there are rich funds and treasures of movable cultural treasures in Boka.

Boka Kotorska is on the list of the most beautiful bays in the world. Due to its exceptional universal cultural and natural values, the area of ​​Kotor, which includes the Kotor and Risan part of the bay, has been in the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1979.

Prior to the arrival of Slovenia, and afterwards, a large number of states, sovereigns or dynasties, sought for Boka Kotorska, for this important strategic point in the southeast of the Adriatic, for its calm bay waters, where entire flotilla ships can be sailed in the face of cruel sea or pirates , for developed ancient cities, numerous seaside settlements and gentle villages. Nothing less than fifteen times, in the longer or shorter period of time, various parties or domestic regimes shifted the boundaries. But only during a few longer-lasting regimes, deeper changes were made in the historical destiny of this area.

During the history Kotor was not always the center of the Zaliva. Such a prominent position in the political, economic and cultural center, which is also reflected in the name of Boke Kotorska, was acquired by the city especially during its versatile ascension in the Middle Ages. Earlier, during the Illyrians and the Romans, a lot of championships belonged to Risna, so that the whole of Boka was called "Risans bay" (Sinus Rhisonicus). Herceg Novi was founded in the XIV century, and settlements on its Riviera are developing especially after the liberation of that part of the bay from the Turks. During the period from the 16th to the 18th centuries, during the reign of the Venetian Republic, they developed a special climb to experience and gain the status of maritime settlements Perast, Dobrota, Prčanj and Stoliv. During the Austro-Hungarian period, Tivat became the main military base.

(sources: Entry nomination for the entry of the Natural and Cultural-Historical Area of ​​Kotor on UNESCO World Heritage List and Milošević Miloš, Current Flows in the Bay Area)

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